Guava is a popular tropical fruit that has a smooth flavor. Also, most fruit lovers tempt to grow guava plants in their garden because it is pretty easy. But at present, many growers have the same issue regarding the flowering and fruiting the guava plant.
However, further reading will help you solve your trouble and enjoy the guava fruits of your own guava plant.
Why My Guava Tree Is Not Fruiting
There are many reasons that your guava tree is not fruiting. So, if your guava plant is not fruiting, you should check the below factors.
Lack of sunlight
Generally, guava plants require full sunlight to reach maximum growth, flowering, and fruit production.
On the other hand, if your area has too much heat or cold, the guava plant cannot tolerate it. As a result of this, the guava plant cannot yield fruits.
Lack of pollination
When guava plant is bearing, they are a premium fan for pollination. So, if flowers do not pollinate properly, it will cause to not fruiting.
However, if your plant is blooming, it is a good sign. Then fertilizing the blooming flowers is the next step to get a guava fruit. Guavas is a self-fruitful plant. So, they can yield 15% of production on their own.
You can increase the yield by about up to 40% by hand pollination. In addition to that, you can increase the harvest by cross-pollination.
For instance, you can get help from honey bees to cross-pollination. For this reason, if your guava plant is an indoor one, you have to use your hands to pollinate the blooming flowers.
Lack of irrigation
Guava plant needs better irrigation to not only fruiting but also overall survival and growth. So, if your guava plant does not have proper irrigation, they do not tend to give you fruits.
Unpreferable soil condition
Further, if the soil condition that your plant attaches fails to give preferable conditions, the guava plant is not able to fruiting. Because they fulfill most of the requirements through the soil.
Thus soil should have good drainage to give better results. In addition to that, the soil should have the right pH level.
Lack of nutrition
The tree is also like a human being. So, the guava plant also needs nutrients for fruit. So, if your guava plant does not have adequate nutrients, they do not yield properly. Therefore, you should fertilize your plant well.
It is better if you can add nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and magnesium at a 6: 6 : 6: 2 ratio.
Guava plant age
If your guava tree does not reach the age to bear the fruits, it is not fruiting. Because the guava plant takes some time to be mature. Generally, the average age for fruiting the guava tree is 3 to 5 years.
Why My Guava Tree Is Not Flowering
Many fruit lovers believe that the guava tree is blooming in spring. This misunderstanding can be a reason for your problem because there are many guava verities. So, they are blooming at different times.
Therefore, you should have better knowledge about the variety that your guava tree belongs and its actual blooming and fruiting times.
Generally, guava trees belong to several groups. Furthermore, these several types of guava trees grow up in several sizes and forms. Therefore, among these verities, few can grow in large pots without any trouble.
However, most of the guava verities do not suit to plant in a pot. It would be best if you planted them on the ground. Thus, the guava tree has a large and sprawling root system.
Further blooming the flower highly depends on the root system of the tree. The reason is, your guava tree blooms easily when the roots can extend their own canopy.
Therefore, you should be highly aware of the variety of your guava tree and where you should plant them, either pot or ground.
One of the vital requirements of all blooming guavas is ultraviolet light because guava prefers direct and bright sunlight. So, if your plant situates inside or does not have proper sunlight, they refuse to bloom.
Generally, guava tree lives in dry zones. Therefore, they cannot tolerate the overly wet. For instance, floods can cause leaf drops and kill stems.
Eventually, this impact can kill your guava plant. Also, excessive watering is a reason to stress the plant. So, these all things directly affect the blooming.
In addition to the above main reasons, you should give a right and preferable conditions that encourage them to bloom. If not, they tend to refuse the blooming.
How I Make My Guava Tree Bear Fruits
You can make your guava tree bear fruits by following simple few steps.
Step 01: First, you should place the guava plant in a sunny location or allow the plants to get sunlight. Because the guava plant requires sunlight to produce the energy that it needs to make flowers and fruits.
Step 02: Secondly, you have to spray the plant before flowering. Here you can use a 25% solution of straight urea mixed because urea enhances the time duration of fruit production. Also, do not forget to use a wetting agent with it.
However, when you use the wetting agent, you should go through the instructions on the amount of wetting agent to add. Then you can combine these things with the recommended water amount. To do this, you can take a hose-end receptacle sprayer.
After that, you should coat all surfaces of the producing limbs of the guava plant. Would you mind not allowing them to expose to watering or rain before dry the urea spray?
Step 03: In this stage, you can apply fertilizers to your guava plant. It is better to use fertilizers that are rich in potash or potassium because these encourage the plant to produce fruits.
Apply 1 pound of 8-3-9-2 fertilizer that you select around the base of the guava tree at the root zone. Here to do this, you can use a trowel or a hoe.
Generally, you should apply fertilizers to the guava plant 3 to 4 times per year. But if you do not live in the very tropical zone, it is not recommended to fertilize your guava plant in late fall or winter.
Step 04: After following the above steps, let them dry out for 2-3 weeks. These days, you can restrict the water because it will cause to begin the reproduction defense mechanisms for flowering.
You can prune the branches of the guava tree to stimulate new growth after withholding the water. Do not forget to cut the old wood 3-4 inches into the branch. Then your guava tree will flower and fruit where you cut.
Step 05: After flowering your guava tree, the most critical thing is pollination to bear fruit. If pollination does not process correctly, your entire efforts will be in vain.
Naturally, honeybees play a vital role in pollinating guava trees. But sometimes, there are not sufficient honeybees in your garden. So here you can go with hand pollination.
You can do this very easily by using a small artist’s paintbrush. So what to do is you can tickle the guava flowers using this brush. It will help to spread pollen to each flower and fertilizes them. So, if you follow these steps properly, you can enjoy with guava fruits of your guava plant.
Diseases, symptoms, and treatments of Guava plant and fruits
|Guava Weevil||Small insects in the fruit||Collect and burn the damaged fruits
Soil application of entomopathogenic nematodes
|Scale insect||The presence of grey or green flattened scales on leaves
Fruit dropping from plants
|Burn fallen plant material and parts
Use horticulture oils
|Thrips||Plant leaves covered with silvery coarse dots||Avoid planting next to onions, garlic, or cereals
|Fruit flies||Fruit with dark-colored puncture wounds
Fruits drop from the tree
|Infected fruits should be destroyed
Use traps to control guava fruit flies
|Rust||Orange to red pustules appearing on;
· Young shoots
|Application of appropriate fungicides
Supply adequate fertilization
Use good sanitation practices
Irrigation and pruning
|Anthracnose||Dark color Sunken lesions on mature fruit||Use systemic and non-systemic fungicides|
|Algal leaf spot||Orange colored, silky tufts on both upper and lower surfaces of leaves
|Provide adequate fertilization and irrigation
Properly pruned to avoid stress on the plants
Apply a copper-based fungicide