Usually, every fruit have seeds, because seeds are important to propagation. But if someone ask you about banana seeds, what will be your answer? Most of you may confuse on banana seeds. Whether they have seeds or not and number of seeds. Answers for all these questions can get from this article.
The number of seeds in a banana may vary according to the variety. But a typical banana has about 9 seeds. Wild banana have large amount of seeds, about 20-30 seeds. The Cavendish banana variety is close to 0-6 seeds. Some other modern banana varieties may contain between 3-15 seeds per fruit.
Bananas are actually a one of plantain. The sweet peppers we usually eat raw peel are often referred to as “dessert” bananas because of their sweetness and mediocre texture. What we call “bananas” has that popular name because it has ability to distinguish from the large number of varies that are usually cooked before eat.
Delicious, yellow color dessert bananas are bred from mutated vicaria in banana plants that have had to produce fruit without useful seeds. Plants produce fruits to nourish, protect and develop seeds. The survival of every plant and the continuity of its offspring is essential. Seeds are the main drug for sexual reproduction in the plant kingdom. That plant will not survive without it, or at least not for long.
Commercially grown bananas are especially cultivated for consumption. Over time, they changed from two to three sets of genes that did not produce seeds.
Do bananas really have seeds?
If you look carefully you can find some very small black dots in the middle region of the banana. These dots are sterilized seeds that are no longer useful for plants. Sometimes we do not find a seed in a banana. The real reason is that bananas are a genetically modified fruit as a whole variety. The best fruits that are full of flesh and taste have been hybridized for generations but have no seeds.
Bananas of ancient wild varieties have large black seeds. The fruits have a large number of seeds and very little meat to eat. This condition of the fruit was not so suitable for commercial or edible use. Therefore selected cross-breeding carried out to obtain more fruits with less number of seeds.
Initially, the process was not scientifically controlled. It is simply a matter of choice. That is about the choice of nature. This process began somewhere in Southeast Asia about 8000 years ago. Much of the hybridization was done by nature and natural forces at the time.
With the passage of many generations, the ability to produce banana seeds or at least fertile seeds is lost. The hybridization helped to produce more fleshy bananas and no seeds like the well-known Cavendish banana variety. But with this selective approach comes some risk.
What are the types of Banana Seeds?
In most of cases, bananas have black seeds. Sometimes these seeds are so small that they are not felt. At other times, you may see a large round or flat black seed inside a banana. Depending on the shape, quality and variety of the banana, its seeds may be black, brown or translucent.
Banana seeds can round, spherical, oval, flat or pointed. All of these changes are due to changes in the genetic structure and especially the diversity of the banana.
How many seeds do banana have?
The number of seeds in the Cavendish banana variety is close to 0-6 seeds. Some other modern banana varieties may contain between 3-15 seeds per fruit. Recent studies have found that a typical banana bunch expects 9 seeds. This is slightly lower compared to 20-30 seeds for the fruits of wild bananas.
Where can we find banana seeds?
Technically, bananas are at least two specific varieties in general. These are diploids and triploids.
Diploid banana is a fruit that could easily cut into long pieces. If you press such a banana, it will break into two equal parts from the middle. You definitely did not used to such a banana. Most varieties of bananas are diploid. Diploid bananas contain large and large quantities of real seeds. Diploid bananas located close to the seed center, but sometimes they have more space.
Triploid bananas have three identical parts instead of two. Most modern bananas, including the Cavendish variety, are tryploid bananas. These bananas do not contain any seeds or sterile seeds. The seeds are very small and those seeds located near the midline of the triploid.
What happen for banana with modifications? (Seedless Banana)
Nature usually does not encourage such changes. Farmers intended to grow bananas that did not contain only pulp or flesh. This passion has led to the development of modern hybrid crops, including Cavendish bananas.
Now with many modifications, these bananas cannot fight new fungi or plant viruses. They are unable to develop natural immunity to these diseases. It can only do through sexual reproduction. Those bananas cannot reproduce without seeds. If we do not support these modernized banana varieties with induced immunity, they will surely become extinct in the coming years. Researchers are working to develop more potent and immune varieties of bananas. If we do not have the desired properties, then these plants are always in danger.
How to propagate banana from seeds?
If you want to grow a banana plant with seeds, keep in mind that its partner is not like the fruit you buy at the grocery store. They contain seeds and it depends on the variety. Also it can be large enough to carry a bear. This means that most of what I have read is that the taste of wild bananas is superior to the retail version. Banana seeds soaked in warm water for 24 to 48 hours to disinfect to begin germination. This softens the seed coat and allows the embryo to germinate more easily and quickly.
Fill an outdoor bed in a sunny spot or with a seed tray or other container filled with 60% sand or air, 40% organic matter rich organic compost. Sow banana seeds 1/4 inch (6 cm) deep and backfill with compost. Banana trees grow from seeds and keep the soil moist until moist. When germinating banana seeds, keep even bananas at a temperature of at least 60 degrees (15C). However, different varieties of seeds respond differently to heat fluxes. Some work well with 19 hours of cool and 5 hours of hot weather.
Using the heat exchanger and activating it during the day and at night may be the easiest way to monitor temperature fluctuations. The time it takes for a banana seed to germinate again depends on the variety. Some germinate in 2-3 weeks while others take two months or more. So you have to be patient when propagating banana seeds through seeds.
Banana plants, on the other hand, are usually grown by removing ginger from the host plant and replanting the samples. With this method, one plant can become the “mother” of an entire garden made up of genetically identical plants.
Despite the fact that sometimes we do not find a seed in a banana. The real reason is that bananas are a genetically modified fruit as a whole variety. The best fruits that are full of flesh andits taste have been hybridized for generations but have no seeds.
The number of seeds in the Cavendish banana variety is close to 0-6 seeds. Often these seeds are not recognizable.
Commercial banana plants reproduce using banana seedlings. The mature banana plant forms the rhizome. They grow as small plants and that could remove and transplant elsewhere.