Orange is a fruit that belongs to the Rutaceae family. Preliminary it is named Citrus x Sinensis or sweet orange. Blood Orange and Navel Orange are the two varieties that belong to the orange family. If you want to show your love to your family members, the best gifts are healthy Navel Orange and Blood orange.
Through this article, you can gain brilliant knowledge about Blood Orange and Navel Orange.
1.History and Origin
Blood Orange was originated in the 15th century. And it was first developed and cultivated in Sicily and Spain. Now, this type grows worldwide include in Texas and California of the United State. Also, Blood Orange can cultivate where there are suitable climate conditions that allow growing this orange-like Southern Italy.
Based on the study is done by Archibald Dixon Shamel, Wilson Popenoe, and Palemon Dorsett in 1917, the Novel orange can be introduced as a single mutation that happened on the Selecta Orange tree in a monastery in Bahia, Brazil in the early 1800s. Now commercial novel orange grows in Brazil, Florida, California, and Arizona.
What is the difference between blood orange and Navel orange?
Dark red colored Blood orange has a more pleasingly sweet-tart than the Navel orange. If you like juicy and sweet flavors, select Navel orange, which is easy to peel. Nutrient value is more in Blood orange because blood orange has 9 times antioxidants than Navel orange
Blood orange is a citrus fruit. This orange type is a bit smaller than other types of orange. It is similar to common orange from the outside. But if you look peel of the Blood orange, it is deep red color or crimson in color.
The main reason for this deep red color is anthocyanin. Firstly, this anthocyanin begins to develop in the edges of the peel of Blood Orange. Then it goes to the edges of segments.Finally, anthocyanin covers the flesh of the orange.
After finishing this process, you can see an orange with fully blood-colored streaks and lines. The degree of the color depends on the season, the time period when the oranges are harvested, and the variety.
When comparing other orange varieties, Blood Orange has thick and pitted skin. Blood orange has a low amount of seeds. And it has a very sweet flavor.
Navel Orange has a characteristic protrusion at one end of the orange. It looks like a human’s navel. Because of this reason, this orange type is named Navel Orange. Navel Orange is seedless. Also, you can peel it easily. This orange type is medium to large in size and orange in color. This orange has a spongy texture.
Blood orange can taste differently, it depends on what variety of Blood Orange that you used. But Blood orange is less tangy than other oranges. This orange type has tart and flavor more. But Blood Orange also has a sweet flavor.
Juice that prepared by using Blood Orange is delicious. But you have to drink or use this Blood Orange juice on the day you prepared it. Because this orange juice is a bit sweeter than classic orange juice and it quickly ferments.
Navel Orange is juicy and you can feel aromatic, sweet, and classic orange flavor from the Navel Orange. Moreover, this orange has a little bitter flavor than common orange types. Also, Navel Orange produces a low acidity level.
Blood Orange season starts in December and ends in April. Rest of the months of the year, it is difficult to find the Blood Orange. Also, Blood Oranges are more expensive than Navel and other orange types.
Navel Orange is a winter fruit. Its season is beginning in December and end up in March. The harvest is touching the peak in January and February.
5.1 Calories, Carbs, and Fibre
Medium size Blood Orange has 70 calories. Also, when considering carbs that contain in medium-size Blood Orange is 16 grams. In addition to these, 12 grams of sugar contained in this variety of orange. Fiber content is 3 grams per medium-size Blood orange.
Novel Orange also has the same amount of calories, carbs, and fibers mentioned above. Calories content is 70 calories per medium-sized Novel Orange. And also, this orange has 16 grams of carbs and 12 grams of sugar. Fiber content is 3 grams per medium-size Novel orange. Fiber helps to control cholesterol and it causes slow digestion.
5.2 Vitamin C
Vitamin C has the ability to protect your cells from oxidative damages. Because vitamin C has antioxidant power. Also, it helps to reduce the risk of certain types of cancers. Further vitamin C protects you from heart diseases. Vitamin C also helps to produce collagen. collagen is a supportive protein that keeps your skin strong and elastic.
When you eat Blood Orange, you can cover nearly 120 % of the daily value of vitamin C.
When comparing with Blood Orange, Navel Orange is the better source that provides vitamin C to your body. Through Novel Orange, you can meet 140 percent of the daily value of vitamin C.
5.3 The Anthocyanin
The major difference between Blood Orange and the Novel Orange is anthocyanin. Blood Orange peel is dark red or crimson in color. The main reason for this coloration is anthocyanin. Therefore, you can easily recognize Blood Orange contains anthocyanin. Blueberry, sweet cherries also contain anthocyanin like Blood Orange.
Anthocyanin also helps to save your cells from oxidative damage that occurred due to the imbalance between radicals and antioxidants. If you eat anthocyanin-rich fruits like Blood Orange, it helps you to reduce heart diseases. The amazing thing is, anthocyanin improves your memory. So, Blood Orange is the best fruit for older persons.
Verities of Blood Orange
These are the Blood orange varities.
- Moro – this orange is slightly bitter and dark red in color
- Ruby Blood – this orange is not very dark red inside of the fruit.
- Sanguinello / Sanguinelli – this orange is sweet and famous in Spain. It was discovered in 1929. Also, it does not have more seeds. It has red streaks. Sanguinello is grown in Northern Hemisphere.
- Tarocco – this Blood Orange verity is very sweet. Also, it is easy to peel. Further, it has unbelievable red flesh and native to Italy.
- Maltese – this type is the sweetest one.
- Burris Blood Valencia
- Red Valencia
- Sanguine Doble Fina
- Washington Sanguine
- Sanguine Grosse Ronde
- Enter Fina
- Cara Cara Orange
This is a one of Novel Orange type. Cara Cara Orange is also known as Red Novel. This Navel orange type basically grows in Venezuela, South Africa, and San Joaquin Valley in California. This Navel Orange type is a hybrid of Washington Navel and Brazilian Bahia Navel. This Cara Cara orange developed in 1976 in Valencia, Venezuela. Red Novel has a sweet flavor. But when compared with other orange types, it has a low acidic level. Mainly this type is similar to Navel Orange. The main difference is, Red Novel has flesh that is pinkish-red in color.
You can find South African Cara Caras in the market in early August. Also, if you like Venezuelan orange, it is available in the market since October. Californian Navel Orange comes to the market in late November.
In addition to that, there are other verities of Navel Orange. These are,
- Bahianinha or Bahia
- Dream Novel
- Late Novel
- Washington or California Novel